Spanish version

Moslem and Christian Wall

Moslem WallIn the IX century, during the emirate of Muhammad I, a first wall was built around Madrid. Afterwards, Abd al Rahmman III, in the X century, strengthened the wall in order to repel the christian incursions. This wall covered an area of 4 hectares. Inside were the alcazar (castle), the governor´s house and the mosque. This area was called Almudayna (citadel in Arabic).

The wall had three doors:

Mosque Door or Saint Mary Arch
Vega Door
Sagra Door.

The first one connected the military area with the area where the population lived, outside the walls.
The second one opened to the Manzanares River and the roads leading to Castille and Extremadura.
The third one lead to the countryside and farmland.

After the reconquest of the city in the XI century, a new wall was built, the christian wall, in order to fortify the city against possible attacks from the Moslems. 
This new wall covered 33 hectares and had 4 doors:

Guadalajara Door (as it lead to that city)
Balnadu Door (where now the Plaza Isabel II is)
Moslem Door
Closed Door (Puerta Cerrada).

There are few rests from both walls, as they were partially destroyed or used for other buildings.
A part of the Moslem wall can be seen near the Almudena Cathedral, in the Cuesta de la Vega.
Parts of the Christian Wall are inside several buildings and can only be visited if the neighbours open the door. One is in calle Almendro 17.

@Copyright 2008, 2009 Mª Dolores Diehl Busch. All rights reserved.
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