Spanish version

'Macchiaioli-Impressionist Realism in Italy' in Fundacion Mapfre

Until January, 5th, 2014, Fundacion Mapfre at its site in Paseo de Recoletos, offers us the opportunity to visit the exhibition Macchiaioli-Impressionist Realism in Italy. The exhibition has been organized with the collaboration of the Museums of Orsay and L' Orangerie and the  Galleria d' Arte Moderna di Palazzo Pitti in Florence. The paintings

Macchaioli at Fundacion Mapfre

belong to public and private collections. The exhibition consist of nearly 100 paintings by Italian artists belonging to the Macchiaioli movement which is considered a forerunner of Modernism in Europe. They were also predecessors of the Impressionists their movement starting ten years earlier.  They had a great influence on the Spanish Modernist painters who looked more to Italy than France. Their characteristics are small paintings, open air painting, portraits and the search for an own identity.

They are not very well knows as Italy has protected its painters, maybe too much. They have not been in the market. It is the first time such an exhibition has been organized.

The Macchiaioli

The  macchiaioli ('blotch-makers') appeared in Florence in 1855. They were a group of young artists against the official painting theory. They were looking for a new art including painting in the open air, which is why their paintings used to be smaller than usual. In their works they present great light contrasts captured in their coloured  spots. They used rectangular formats and frequently painted on wood.  Their priority were shadows and light. They were very interested in scientific advances related to colour and optics. They used to meet at the Caffe Michelangioli in Florence and symbolize the union between art and politics because of their involvement in the national patriotic movement. For them Italy was a nation which had to be reflected in a state. They took part in the independence wars in Italy and fought for its unity. For them the bourgeoisie had to be the dominant class as they showed in their portraits of middle-class intellectuals. This was one of their preferred genres always showing a very natural surrounding.

The exhibition is open on Mondays from 14:00 to20:00, From Tuesday to Saturday from 10:00 to 20:00 and Sundays and holidays from 11:00 to 19.00.

The entrance is free.

Photoraphies: Rafael Castañeda Fotografia

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