'Macchiaioli-Impressionist Realism in Italy' in Fundacion Mapfre
Until January, 5th, 2014, Fundacion Mapfre at its site in Paseo de Recoletos, offers us the opportunity to visit the exhibition Macchiaioli-Impressionist Realism in Italy. The
exhibition has been organized with the collaboration of the Museums of Orsay
and L' Orangerie and the Galleria
d' Arte Moderna di Palazzo Pitti in Florence. The paintings
belong to public
and private collections.
The exhibition consist of nearly 100
paintings by Italian artists belonging to the Macchiaioli movement which is
considered a forerunner of Modernism in Europe. They were also predecessors of
the Impressionists their movement starting ten years earlier. They had a great influence on the Spanish
Modernist painters who looked more to Italy than France. Their characteristics
are small paintings, open air painting, portraits and the search for an own
They are not very well knows as
Italy has protected its painters, maybe too much. They have not been in the
market. It is the first time such an exhibition has been organized.
The macchiaioli ('blotch-makers') appeared
in Florence in 1855. They were a group of young artists against the official
painting theory. They were looking for a new art including painting in the open
air, which is why their paintings used to be smaller than usual. In their works
they present great light contrasts captured in their coloured spots. They used rectangular formats and
frequently painted on wood. Their
priority were shadows and light. They were very interested in scientific
advances related to colour and optics. They used to meet at the Caffe
Michelangioli in Florence and symbolize the union between art and politics
because of their involvement in the national patriotic movement. For them
Italy was a nation which had to be reflected in a state. They took part in the
independence wars in Italy and fought for its unity. For them the bourgeoisie had to be the dominant class as
they showed in their portraits of middle-class intellectuals. This was one of
their preferred genres always showing a very natural surrounding.
The entrance is free.
Photoraphies: Rafael Castañeda Fotografia
@Copyright 2008, 2009 Mª Dolores Diehl Busch. All rights reserved.