Spanish version


Royal Academy of Exact and Natural Science and Physics

The Royal Academy of Exact and Natural Science and Physics is located at Valverde 22

Royal Academy of Science
Royal Academy of Science

Street. It has three floors and basement.

History

The Royal Academy of Science is the forth one that was founded in Spain although it is usually the first in other countries.

The first one was the Royal Spanish Academy, Academy of History and the Academy of Fine Arts. This is due to the fact that before there was a scientific corporation already working. In the time of king Felipe II the Academy of Mathematics was created.

In 1832 the Academy of Natural Science of Madrid came into life. This would be the predecessor of the Royal Academy of Science.

This foundation was active until 1842. In 1847 under the reign of queen Isabel II the Royal

Royal Academy of Science
Jose Echegaray´s Nobel Prize Diploma

Academy was founded. The scientist got together in private houses as they had no proper meeting place. For a time their sessions were held at the Torre de los Lujanes, next to the old town hall. At the ends of the XIXth century the Royal Spanish Academy was located at Valverde 24 Street and the terrain next to it was free so they decided to built the Academy of Science there in 1928. The architect was Antonio Rubio y Marín .
Unfortunately the building was severely damaged during the Civil War and it had to be rebuilt in 1947. It was inaugurated two years later, coinciding with the centennary of the institution.

Basement

The basement is dedicated to house the library and Reading Room.

Royal Academy of Science
Reading Room

 

Main Floor

The conference hall is dedicated to solemn activities or conferences.

Next to it is the library and archive with books dated from the XVth to the XVIIIth century. There are, for example, first editions of the works by Newton , Bacon or Keppler.
Currently all the books are being digitalized in order to put them at disposal of the general public.

When you enter the building, there are two busts, one of Echegaray by Federico Coullaut Valera made in 1935 and one of Ramón y Cajal , by Victorio Macho .
The main room of this floor is the Assembly Hall.

From this hall we can access the first floor.

First Floor

Hall of Lost Steps

Royal Academy of Science
Hall of Lost Steps

On the first floor is the Hall of Lost Steps also used for audiences. On the wall three cartoons for tapestries ceded by the Prado Museum. They were made Bayeu , Zacarías González Velázquez and José del Castillo .
There are several portraits or bust of members of the Academy like Manuel Lora Tamayo or Torres Quevedo .
Torres Quevedo was a very prolific inventor. Among his different inventions is a calculator, predecessor of current devices. It is mechanic instrument which obtains mathematic results.

In the glass cabinet is the original Nobel Prize diploma of Echegaray. He belonged both to the Mathematic and later to the Natural Science section of the Academy.

In the President´s office is a portrait of queen Isabel II painted by Madrazo .
Most of the portraits in the Academy are of its members. Many of the works of art in the building are legacies or donations.

Royal Academy of Science
Assembly Hall

 

Plenary Hall

The old Plenary Hall is currently used for the meetings of the Directors Board as the

number of members has increased.


The first president of the Academy was Zarco del Valle. First there were 18 members in Madrid which nominated other 18. Nowadays the full members are 54. The Royal Academy is divided into sections which meet once a week. The plenary session is held once a month.

The new plenary hall is located where the library used to be.

The Royal Academy organizes different activities for the public in general like exhibitions, conferences, etc. The are also guided tours in the building.

Photographies: Rafael Castañeda Fotografía

 

Royal Academy of Science
Bust of Echegaray by Federico Collaut
Royal Academy of Science
Bust of Santiago Ramon y Cajal by Victorio Macho
Royal Academy of Science
Assembly Hall
Royal Academy of Science
Original glass stained window
Royal Academy of Science
Calculator by Torres Quevedo
Royal Academy of Science
President´s Office
Royal Academy of Science
Old Plenary Hall
Royal Academy of Science
Plenary Hall
Royal Academy of Science
Tapestry Cartoon by Bayeu
Royal Academy of Science
Tapestry Cartton by Jose Castillo
Royal Academy of Science
Glass stained window with Symbols of the Academy

 

 

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